Bharat Mata

Bharat Mata

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Bharat Mata statue accompanied by a lion at Yanam (India)

Bharat Mata statue at Kanyakumari(India)

The saffron clad goddess Bharat Mata, a painting by Abanindranath Tagore

Bharat Matā (Hindi, from Sanskrit Bhāratāmbā भारताम्बा; अम्बा ambā means ‘mother’) is the national personification of India as a mother goddess.[1] She is an amalgam of all the goddesses of Indian culture and more significantly of goddess Durga. She is usually depicted as a woman clad in a saffron sari holding the Indian national flag, and sometimes accompanied by a lion.[2]

Historic perspective[edit]

The image of Bhāratmātā formed with the Indian independence movement of the late 19th century. A play by Kiran Chandra BannerjeeBhārat Mātā, was first performed in 1873. The play set in 1770 Bengal famine depicted a woman and her husband who went to forest and encounters rebels. The priest takes them to temple where they were shown Bharat Mata. Thus they are inspired and led rebellion which result in defeat of the British.[3] The Manushi magazine story traces origin to a satirical work Unabimsa Purana or The Nineteenth Puranaby Bhudeb Mukhopadhyay which was first published anonymously in 1866.[4] Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1882 wrote a novel Anandamath and introduced the hymn “Vande Mātaram“,[5][6] which soon became the song of the emerging freedom movement in India. As the British Raj created cartographic shape of India through the Geological Survey of India, the Indian nationalist developed it into an icon of nationalism. In 1920s, it became In the 1920s, it became more political image sometimes including images of Mahatma Gandhiand Bhagat Singh. The Tiranga flag was also started being included during this period. In 1930s, the image entered in religious practice. The Bharat Mata temple was built in Benaras in 1936 by Shiv Prashad Gupt and was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi. This temple does not have any statuary but only a marble relief of the map of India.[4]

Bipin Chandra Pal elaborated its meaning in idealizing and idealist terms, along with Hindu philosophical traditions and devotional practices. It represented an archaic spiritual essence, a transcendental idea of Universe as well as expressing Universal Hinduism and nationhood.[7]

Abanindranath Tagore portrayed Bhārat Mātā as a four-armed Hindu goddess wearing saffron-colored robes, holding the manuscripts, sheaves of rice, a mala, and a white cloth.[8] The image of Bharatmata was an icon to create nationalist feeling in Indians during the freedom struggle. Sister Nivedita, an admirer of the painting, opined that the picture was refined and imaginative, with Bharatmata standing on green earth and blue sky behind her; feet with four lotuses, four arms meaning divine power; white halo and sincere eyes; and gifts Shiksha-Diksha-Anna-Bastra of the motherland to her children.[9]

Indian Independence activist Subramania Bharati saw Bharat Mata as the land of Ganga. He identified Bharat Mata as Parashakti.[10] He also says that he has got the Darśana of Bharat Mata during his visit with his guru Sister Nivedita.[citation needed]


In the book Everyday Nationalism: Women of the Hindu Right in India, Kalyani Devaki Menon argues that “the vision of India as Bharat Mata has profound implications for the politics of Hindu nationalism” and that the depiction of India as a Hindu goddess implies that it is not just the patriotic but also the religious duty of all Hindus to participate in the nationalist struggle to defend the nation.[11] This association with Hinduism has caused controversy with India’s religious minorities, especially its Muslim population.[12]

The motto Bharat Mata ki Jai’ (“Victory for Mother India”) is used by the Indian Army.[13]

Bharat Mata temples[edit]

At Varanasi[edit]

The relief map of India as Bharatmata, carved out of marble at Bharat Mata MandirVaranasi

The temple is located in the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth campus in Varanasi.[14] The temple houses a marble idol of Bharat Mata along with a marble relief map of India.[14][15]

The Temple, a gift from the nationalists Shiv Prasad Gupta and Durga Prasad Khatri, was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936.[14] Mahatma Gandhi said, “I hope this temple, which will serve as a cosmopolitan platform for people of all religions, castes, and creeds including Harijans, will go a great way in promoting religious unity, peace, and love in the country.”[16]

At Haridwar[edit]

The temple was founded by Swami Satyamitranand Giri on the banks of the Ganges in Haridwar. It has 8 storeys and is 180 feet tall.[17] It was inaugurated by Indira Gandhi in 1983.[17] Floors are dedicated to mythological legends, religious deities, freedom fighters and leaders.[17]

At Kolkata[edit]

The temple is located in Michael Nagar on Jessore Road, barely 2 km away from the Kolkata Airport. Here, Bharat Mata (the Mother Land) is portrayed through the image of ‘Jagattarini Durga’. This was inaugurated on October 19, 2015 (Mahashashti Day of Durga Puja that year)[18] by Shri Keshari Nath Tripathi, the Governor of West Bengal. The initiative to build the temple, which has been named ‘Jatiya Shaktipeeth’, was taken by the Spiritual Society of India in order to mark the 140th Anniversary of ‘Vande Mataram’, the hymn to the Mother Land.

Bharat Mata at Jatiya Shaktipeeth, Kolkata

Bharat Mata at Jatiya Shaktipeeth, Kolkata

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up^ “History lesson: How ‘Bharat Mata’ became the code word for a theocratic Hindu state”.
  2. Jump up^ Visualizing space in Banaras: images, maps, and the practice of representation, Martin Gaenszle, Jörg Gengnagel, illustrated, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 2006, ISBN 978-3-447-05187-3
  3. Jump up^ “Far from being eternal, Bharat Mata is only a little more than 100 years old”.
  4. Jump up to:a b Roche, Elizabeth (17 March 2016). “The origins of Bharat Mata” Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  5. Jump up^ “A Mother’s worship: Why some Muslims find it difficult to say ‘Bharat Mata ki jai'”.
  6. Jump up^ Kinsley, David. Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions. Motilal Banarsidass, New Delhi, India. ISBN 81-208-0379-5. pp. 181-182.
  7. Jump up^ Producing India, Manu Goswami, Orient Blackswan, 2004, ISBN 978-81-7824-107-4
  8. Jump up^ Specters of Mother India: the global restructuring of an empire, Mrinalini Sinha, Zubaan, 2006, ISBN 978-81-89884-00-0
  9. Jump up^ The Goddess and the Nation: Mapping Mother India, Sumathi Ramaswamy, Duke University Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-8223-4610-4
  10. Jump up^ “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  11. Jump up^ Kalyani Devaki Menon, Everyday Nationalism: Women of the Hindu Right in India: The Ethnography of Political Violence, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-8122-4196-9, p. 89f.
  12. Jump up^ “Patriotism in India: Oh mother: A nationalist slogan sends sectarian sparks”The Economist. 9 April 2016. Retrieved 9 April2016.
  13. Jump up^ Vinay Kumar (2 October 2012). “It is Jai Hind for Army personnel”The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
  14. Jump up to:a b c IMPORTANT TEMPLES OF
  15. Jump up^
  16. Jump up^ Eck, Diana L (27 March 2012), India: A Sacred Geography, Potter/TenSpeed/Harmony, pp. 100–, ISBN 978-0-385-53191-7
  17. Jump up to:a b c Bharat Mata
  18. Jump up^ Bharat Mata Mandir

External links[edit]

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Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space. There are three different states of matter – solid, liquid, and gas. Matter is made up of many atoms. Let’s learn the definition of matter in this video. # Education #Science #Kids.May 13, 2016
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Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneswar

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Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences (Private school in Bhubaneswar, Odisha)
Campus No:5, KIIT Road, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751024
Principal: Jyotin Kumar Dash
Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (Higher educational institution in Bhubaneswar, Odisha)
Shikhar Chandi Road, Chandaka Industrial Estate, Bajrang Vihar, Patia, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751024
Campus size: 2.833 km²

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Biju Patnaik International Airport

hubaneswar, Odisha
Biju Patnaik International Airport, also known as the Bhubaneswar Airport, is is the primary international airport serving Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha. Wikipedia
Address: Airport Road, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751020
Code: BBI
Phone: 0674 259 6305
Passenger count: 32,50,635
Owner/operator: Airports Authority of India
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Biju Patnaik International Airport
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Biju Patnaik International Airport
BPIA Bhubaneswar.jpg
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Airports Authority of India
Serves Bhubaneswar
Location Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Opened 17 April 1962
Hub for Air Odisha
Elevation AMSL 42 m / 138 ft
Coordinates 20°14′40″N 085°49′04″ECoordinates: 20°14′40″N 085°49′04″E
Website Biju Patnaik International Airport
BBI is located in Odisha BBIBBI
Show map of Odisha
Show map of India
Show all
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 1,380 4,525 Asphalt
14/32 2,743 9,000 Asphalt
Statistics (April 2017 – March 2018)
Passengers 3,250,635 (Increase39.4%)
Aircraft Movements 23,155 (Increase35.6%)
Cargo Tonnage 7,843 (Decrease4.8%)
Source: AAI[1][2][3]
Biju Patnaik International Airport (IATA: BBI, ICAO: VEBS), also known as the Bhubaneswar Airport, is is the primary international airport serving Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha. [4] It is named after the former chief minister of Odisha, Biju Patnaik, who was also a famed aviator and freedom fighter. On 5 March 2013, a new terminal (T1) was inaugurated by Minister of Civil Aviation, Ajit Singh. This terminal caters to all domestic flights whereas the other terminal (T2) has been refurbished to support international operations. The airport is spread over an area of 836 acres. [5] The Government of India accorded international status to the airport on 30 October 2013.[6] As per latest reports, Bhubaneswar Airport was ranked the 15th busiest airport in India by the Airports Authority of India (AAI) & 11th among Airport maintained by AAI registering a 39.4% growth in traffic over the previous year.

1 Terminal
1.1 Terminal 1
1.2 Terminal 2
2 Coast Guard Air Enclave
3 Airlines and destinations
4 See also
5 References
6 External links
Terminal 1

Terminal 1 Interior
Inaugurated in March 2013, the terminal has a capacity of 4 million passengers per annum and was built at a cost of Rs 145 crore.[5][7] The new terminal has been developed by the AAI as part of the upgrade of 35 non-metro airports across the country.[8] Terminal T1, a two-storied building with a total area of 18,240 square metres (196,300 sq ft), consists of 2 aerobridges, 4 elevators, several escalators, 18 check-in counters, 3 arrival luggage conveyors, a spa, and multiple seating areas. Apart from the Departure and Arrival Lounges, T1 terminal also has several other lounges, including VIP Lounges, Pal Heights Spa Lounge, Dakota Lounge and Mayfair Lounge.[5][9] The terminal is environment-friendly, built according to green building standards, with sewage treatment plants and provision for rain water harvesting. The internal walls of the terminal are decorated with tribal motifs, designs, masks, and sculptures derived from Odisha’s culture.[10] The new terminal also has food kiosks, gift shops, bookstores, art galleries and handloom/handicraft kiosks.[11] The terminal was built by Lanco Infratech (Octamec).[12]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 Interior
Terminal 2 handles international operations to and from the Biju Patnaik International Airport. It was built in the mid 1960s to cater domestic flights. The terminal being built over an area of 5,178 square metres (55,740 sq ft), consists of 6 check-in counters, 10 immigration counters, 4 customs counters, numerous amenities and multiple seating areas.[13]

Coast Guard Air Enclave

Biju Patnaik International Airport (BPIA) Airside
The Coast Guard Air Enclave along with the 743 Dornier Squadron was commissioned by former Vice Admiral Shashwat Kumar sahoo, Director General of the Indian Coast Guard in Biju Patnaik International Airport on the 15th of December 2014.[14] The units operate under the operational and administrative control of the Commander of the Coast Guard Region (North East) through the Commander, Coast Guard District No 7 (Odisha). Several strategic air operations are streamlined and synergized for the protection of the sea areas off the Coastal Odisha.[15]

Airlines and destinations
Airlines Destinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
AirAsia India Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Ranchi
Air India Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai
Air Odisha Jharsuguda, Rourkela (both begin 15 June 2018)[16]
GoAir Kolkata, Mumbai
IndiGo Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Visakhapatnam
Vistara Delhi
See also
Airports in India
List of busiest airports in India by passenger traffic
Air Odisha
“Traffic News for the month of March 2018: Annexure-III” (PDF). Airports Authority of India. 1 May 2018. p. 4. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
“Traffic News for the month of March 2018: Annexure-II” (PDF). Airports Authority of India. 1 May 2018. p. 4. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
“Traffic News for the month of March 2018: Annexure-IV” (PDF). Airports Authority of India. 1 May 2018. p. 4. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
“Pilot information for Biju Patnaik Airport”. 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
“New terminal at Bhubaneswar airport starts operations”. Business Standard. 14 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
“Centre accords international tag to Bhubaneswar airport”. The Times of India. 31 October 2013.
Singha, Minati (5 March 2013). “International airport to take off by June”. Times of India. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
Barik, Bibhuti (8 August 2011). “March date for swanky airport”. The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
Barik, Bibhuti (24 June 2011). “Airport work speeds up — Capital set for take-off in style”. The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
“New terminal at Bhubaneswar airport thrown open”. Times of India. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
Ramanath V, Riyan (5 February 2013). “Plans to provide spa facilities at airport”. Times of India. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
“Lanco Infratech bags Rs 92 cr order from AAI”. Business Standard. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
“Bhubaneswar – Technical Information”. Airports Authority of India. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
“Coast Guard’s new air enclave inaugurated in Bhubaneswar”. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
“Commissioning of Coast Guard Air Enclave Bhubaneswar & 743 Squadron (CG)”. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
“Air Odisha – Flight Schedule”. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2018.

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BCCI announce squads for Women’s T20 Challenge

Smriti Mandhana and Harmanpreet Kaur will lead IPL Trailblazers and IPL Supernovas respectively in the upcoming Women’s T20 Challenge Match to be played ahead of IPL 2018 Qualifier 1 on May 22 at the Wankhede Stadium.

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Alyssa Healy, Australia’s wicketkeeper-batter, Beth Mooney, Australia’s opener, Suzie Bates, the veteran New Zealand all-rounder, are some of the international stars in the Trailblazers’ set-up.

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